New Composite Membrane of Carboxylated Polysulfone (CPS)â€“ Polyphenylene Ether Ether Sulfone (PPEES) as Potential Material for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell
AbstractIn the present study, carboxylated polysulfone (CPS) and Poly (1,4â€“phenylene ether etherâ€“sulfone) (PPEES) NF membranes for their application in proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated. New NF membranes were prepared by blending PPEES with CPS solution in NMP (5 wt. %) by the solution casting procedure using Kâ€“control coater. The membranes have been characterized by thermal analysis, water uptake, IEC measurements, proton conductivity performance and methanol crossover. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was at length used to decide proton conductivity. The addition of CPS increased the water uptake capability of the synthesized membrane and resulted in enhanced proton conductivity. The conductivity values in the range of 10â€“4Â â€“10â€“2Â S/cm were obtained for the new CPSâ€“PPEES membranes. The conductivities of the membranes showed increasing trend as a function of operating temperature and wt. % of CPS. Membrane of the type CM1 gave the conductivity in the range of 0.12 S/cm at 100Â°C. The results showed that, CPS/PPEES is a promising membrane material for possible use in proton exchange membrane fuel cells.
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