CO2 Absorption with NaOH Solution through the Porous PVDF Hollow Fibre Membrane Contactor
AbstractIn this study, porous hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membranes were fabricated via a wet phase inversion process. In order to improve the phase inversion rate and provide porous membranes, 4 wt.% lithium chloride (LiCl) was used in the spinning dope. The prepared membrane morphology was studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Chemical CO2absorption by NaOH solution (1M) was conducted through the PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor. The effect of the main operating condition such as absorbent temperature, CO2Â pressure and absorbent flow rate on the performance of CO2Â absorption was investigated. From FESEM examination, the membrane possesses an almost spongeâ€“like structure with ultra thin skin layer. Results of CO2absorption test showed that by increasing the absorbent flow rate the CO2Â flux increased which confirmed the existence of liquid side mass transfer resistance. It was found that by increasing the absorbent temperature the CO2Â flux considerably improved. Meanwhile, the effect of CO2Â pressure on the absorption rate was insignificant. Therefore, it can be concluded that by applying a porous hydrophobic membrane with improved structure and optimizing the operating conditions, high CO2Â removal efficiency can be achieved through gasâ€“liquid membrane contactors
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