CO2 Absorption with NaOH Solution through the Porous PVDF Hollow Fibre Membrane Contactor

Authors

  • A. Mansourizadeh Department of Gas Engineering, Faculty of Petroleum and Renewable Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru
  • A. F. Ismail Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v12i1.80

Abstract

In this study, porous hydrophobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membranes were fabricated via a wet phase inversion process. In order to improve the phase inversion rate and provide porous membranes, 4 wt.% lithium chloride (LiCl) was used in the spinning dope. The prepared membrane morphology was studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Chemical CO2absorption by NaOH solution (1M) was conducted through the PVDF hollow fiber membrane contactor. The effect of the main operating condition such as absorbent temperature, CO2 pressure and absorbent flow rate on the performance of CO2 absorption was investigated. From FESEM examination, the membrane possesses an almost sponge–like structure with ultra thin skin layer. Results of CO2absorption test showed that by increasing the absorbent flow rate the CO2 flux increased which confirmed the existence of liquid side mass transfer resistance. It was found that by increasing the absorbent temperature the CO2 flux considerably improved. Meanwhile, the effect of CO2 pressure on the absorption rate was insignificant. Therefore, it can be concluded that by applying a porous hydrophobic membrane with improved structure and optimizing the operating conditions, high CO2 removal efficiency can be achieved through gas–liquid membrane contactors

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Published

2017-11-22

How to Cite

Mansourizadeh, A., & Ismail, A. F. (2017). CO2 Absorption with NaOH Solution through the Porous PVDF Hollow Fibre Membrane Contactor. Journal of Applied Membrane Science &Amp; Technology, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v12i1.80

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