Physico–chemical Characteristics and Dewatering Aptitude of sMBR Sludge


  • W. Khongnakorn Faculty of Technology and Management, Prince of Songkla University (PSU), Suratthani Campus 84100, Thailand
  • S. P. Choksuchart Department of Civil Engineering, Prince of Songkla University 90112, Thailand
  • C. Wisniewski UMR Génie des Procédés Eau et Bioproduits– CIRAD 016, Laboratoire de Physique Moléculaire et Structurale, UFR des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, 15 Avenue Charles Flahault BP 14491 34093 MONTPELLIER, France



Biomass concentrations 2 to 5 times higher than in a conventional activated sludge (CAS) process can be achieved in a membrane bioreactor system (MBR). These non–conventional operating conditions, i.e. high sludge concentration, can induce different sludge characteristics and dewatering aptitude, essential parameters for the optimization of the sludge post–treatment, like mechanical dewatering. The objective of this work is to study the dewatering behavior of MBR sludge, and particularly the influence of high total suspended solids concentration, on viscosity and on the key dewaterability indicators. Operating conditions are chosen to obtain MBR sludge with constant characteristics, except TSS concentration. The results confirm that the sludge viscosity is dependent on the TSS concentration. The high viscosity obtained for high TSS concentration can be unfavorable to an efficient mixing in the MBR unit, as well as to acceptable membrane permeability. However, good settleability is obtained with high TSS concentration although the sludge presents high compressibility property and a large part of bound water. This large part of bound water seems to not disturb the sludge filterability, which stays relatively good in comparison with CAS. Consequently, high–TSS concentration in MBR system can be coherent with an efficient sludge post–treatment.




How to Cite

Khongnakorn, W., Choksuchart, S. P., & Wisniewski, C. (2017). Physico–chemical Characteristics and Dewatering Aptitude of sMBR Sludge. Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology, 7(1).