Physicoâ€“chemical Characteristics and Dewatering Aptitude of sMBR Sludge
AbstractBiomass concentrations 2 to 5 times higher than in a conventional activated sludge (CAS) process can be achieved in a membrane bioreactor system (MBR). These nonâ€“conventional operating conditions, i.e. high sludge concentration, can induce different sludge characteristics and dewatering aptitude, essential parameters for the optimization of the sludge postâ€“treatment, like mechanical dewatering. The objective of this work is to study the dewatering behavior of MBR sludge, and particularly the influence of high total suspended solids concentration, on viscosity and on the key dewaterability indicators. Operating conditions are chosen to obtain MBR sludge with constant characteristics, except TSS concentration. The results confirm that the sludge viscosity is dependent on the TSS concentration. The high viscosity obtained for high TSS concentration can be unfavorable to an efficient mixing in the MBR unit, as well as to acceptable membrane permeability. However, good settleability is obtained with high TSS concentration although the sludge presents high compressibility property and a large part of bound water. This large part of bound water seems to not disturb the sludge filterability, which stays relatively good in comparison with CAS. Consequently, highâ€“TSS concentration in MBR system can be coherent with an efficient sludge postâ€“treatment.
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