Opinions on the Development of Ultrahigh Permeation Membranes


  • Takeshi Matsuura Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Ottawa 161 Louis Pasteur, Ottawa, Ont. K1N 6N5 Canada




Ultrahigh permeation membranes, Reverse osmosis, Membrane distillation, Membrane chips, Future prospect


In this work, recent progresses made in the development of membranes with ultrahigh permeation rate for reverse osmosis (RO) and membrane distillation (MD) are briefly summarized and the future prospect of those membranes is discussed. In fabrication of ultrahigh permeation RO membranes, carbon nanotube, aquaporin, graphene and fluorous oligoamide nanorings were used and in all of them several orders of magnitude higher fluxes than the conventional commercial membranes were achieved. Ultrahigh MD membranes were fabricated mostly from carbonaceous materials also with several orders of magnitude higher fluxes than conventional commercial membranes, except for those made of ultrathin polymeric material, which demonstrated a high flux at a low transmembrane temperature difference. Despite these remarkable achievements, it was concluded that many challenges would be encountered to produce a sufficient amount of water by the so-called membrane chips.


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How to Cite

Matsuura, T. (2024). Opinions on the Development of Ultrahigh Permeation Membranes . Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology, 28(1), 63–71. https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v28n1.287