Grand Challenges in the Development of Adsorptive Membrane for Water and Wastewater Treatment


  • Atikah Mohd Nasir Centre for Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Investigative Studies (CODTIS), Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohd Ridhwan Adam School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Minden, Penang, Malaysia
  • Siti Khadijah Hubadillah School of Technology Management and Logistics Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Bukit Kayu Hitam, Changlun, Kedah, Malaysia



Adsorptive membranes, membrane technology, heavy metals, wastewater treatment, adsorption


Integrating nanotechnology and membrane technology has resulted in the development of adsorptive nanocomposite membranes with exceptional properties for various applications, including water reclamation. The application of adsorptive membranes in wastewater treatment is a promising technology that combines the advantages of adsorption and membrane filtration techniques. Literature reviews reported that various adsorptive membranes were successfully developed and efficiently removed emerging contaminants such as heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants from water over the last decades. However, grand challenges in developing adsorptive membranes require more attention, such as aggregation and agglomeration of nanoadsorbents within membrane matrix, mechanical strength distortion, extreme water permeability, and alterations in surface charge. These challenges, as mentioned earlier, could deteriorate the performance of adsorptive membranes. Consequently, future research should focus on overcoming these challenges to employ adsorptive membranes to preserve the environment. 


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How to Cite

Mohd Nasir, A., Adam, M. R., & Hubadillah, S. K. (2023). Grand Challenges in the Development of Adsorptive Membrane for Water and Wastewater Treatment. Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology, 27(2), 89–101.