Membrane Distillation for Desalination and Current Advances in MD Membranes


  • Monis Bin Abid ᵃDepartment of General Studies, University of Prince Mugrin Madinah Al Munawara, Saudi Arabia ᵃDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Roswanira Abdul Wahab Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Lassaad Gzara Center of Excellence in Desalination Technology, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80200, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia



Desalination, Membrane distillation, membrane, biofouling, water efficacy


Desalination is a great technique to address the growing demand for water because it is essential for humans. Water treatment and desalination are two common uses for the membrane-based, non-isothermal MD (Membrane Distillation) process. It works at low pressure and temperature, and heat from waste and solar energy can meet the process's heat requirements. In MD, dissolved salts and nonvolatile contaminants are rejected as the vapors go through the membrane's pores and start condensing at the permeate side. However, because to the lack of a suitable and adaptable membrane, biofouling, wetting and water efficacy are the main problems for MD. Many researchers have recently worked on membrane composites and attempted to create effective, appealing, and unique membranes for membrane distillation. This review article talks about water shortages in the 21st century, the rise of desalination, the use of membrane distillation (MD), recent developments in membrane distillations, developments in pilot scale MD technologies, New developments in membrane fabrication and modification, the desired properties of membranes, and desalination membranes.


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How to Cite

Bin Abid, M., Abdul Wahab , R., & Gzara, L. (2023). Membrane Distillation for Desalination and Current Advances in MD Membranes. Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology, 27(2), 39–88.