Fouling Challenges in Membrane Bioreactor


  • Elnaz Halakoo University of Waterloo, Canada



Membrane bioreactor (MBR), as a promising technology, has been popular in wastewater treatment due to the great quality of effluent and system compactness. However, membrane fouling is still a main concern and complicated phenomena which has to be addressed and further studied by researchers and membranologists. In current mini review paper, the brief fundamental of MBRs and main challenges in MBR applications are summarized together with future perspectives that may be a help to research and development scientists.


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