Grand Challenges in Membrane Biofouling Mitigation


  • Chidambaram Thamaraiselvan aDepartment of Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India bDepartment of Desalination and Water Treatment, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede-Boqer Campus 84990, Israel



Biofouling, membrane, water treatment, Carbon nanomaterials, electric potential


Biofouling prevention is a critical challenge in the membrane-based water and wastewater treatment process. Carbon-based nanomaterials which are having exceptional physical, chemical, and electrical properties bring new technologies for addressing biofouling. This paper highlights the novel membrane developments using carbon-based nanomaterials and their potential applications for anti-biofouling technology and its recent cutting-edge developments. Finally, this review also outlines future opportunities for carbon-nanomaterial application in environmental systems.



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