Effect of Polymer Concentration on Matrimid 5218 based-Carbon Membrane for H2 Separation
Hydrogen (H2)-based economy development is expected to create extensive need for efficient collecting strategies of fairly high purity H2. The aim of a H2-selective membrane is to manipulate H2â€™s high diffusivity characteristics as well as to restrict the outcome of lower solubility. Carbon membranes offer high potential in gas separation industry due to its highly permeable and selective. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effect of carbonization parameter, i.e., polymer concentration on the gas separation properties. Matrimid 5218 was used as a precursor for carbon tubular membrane preparation to produce high quality of carbon membrane via carbonization process. The polymer solution was coated on the surface of tubular ceramic tubes using dip-coating method. Matrimid 5218-based carbon tubular membranes were fabricated and characterized in terms of its structural morphology, chemical structure, thermal stability, and gas permeation properties by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and pure gas permeation system, respectively. The polymer solution containing 15 wt% Matrimid 5218 shows the best formulation for the preparation of Matrimid 5218-based carbon tubular membrane. The highest H2/N2 selectivity of 401.08Â±2.56 was obtained for carbon membrane carbonized at 800oC with heating rate of 2oC/min.
Wang, X., Guo, Y., Yang, L., Han, M., Zhao, J., Cheng, X. 2012. Nanomaterials as Sorbents to Remove Heavy Metal Ions in Wastewater Treatment. J. Environ. Anal. Toxicol. 2(7): 154-158.
Singh, N. B., Nagpal, G., Agrawal, S., Rachna. 2018. Water purification by Using Adsorbents: A Review. Environ. Technol. Innov. 11: 187-240.
Guechi, E-K., Hamdaoui, O. 2016. Evaluation of Potato Peel as a Novel Adsorbent for the Removal of Cu(II) from Aqueous Solutions: Equilibrium, Kinetic, and Thermodynamic Studies. Desalin. Water. Treat. 57(23): 10677-88.
Guiza, S. 2017. Biosorption of Heavy Metal from Aqueous Solution Using Cellulosic Waste Orange Peel. Ecol. Eng. 99: 134-40.
Suhas, Gupta, V. K., Carrott, P. J. M., Singh, R., Chaudhary, M., Kushwaha, S. 2016. Cellulose: A Review as Natural, Modified and Activated Carbon Adsorbent. Bioresour. Technol. 216: 1066-76.
Brunner, P. H., Roberts, P. V. 1980. The Significance of Heating Rate on Char Yield and Char Properties in the Pyrolysis of Cellulose. Carbon. 18: 217-24.
Huber, T., Mussig, J., Curnow, O., Pang, S. S., Bickerton, S., Staiger, M. O. 2012. A Critical Review of All-cellulose Composites. J. Mater. Sci. 47: 1171-86.
Perepelkin, K. E. 2004. Renewable Plant Resources and Processed Products in Chemical Fibre Production. Fibre Chem. 36.
GÃ³mez, H. C., Serpa, A., VelÃ¡squez-Cock, J., GaÃ±Ã¡n, P., Castro, C., VÃ©lez, L., et al. 2016. Vegetable Nanocellulose in Food Science: A Review. Food Hydrocoll. 57: 178-86.
Phanthong, P., Reubroycharoen, P., Hao, X., Xu, G., Abudula, A., Guan, G. 2018. Nanocellulose: Extraction and Application. Carbon Resour. Convers. 1(1): 32-43.
WHO. 2003. Chlorine in Drinking-water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality.
JECFA. 2000. Summary and Conclusions of the Fifty-fifth Meeting.
WHO. 2003. Chromium in Drinking-water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality.
WHO. 2003. Lead in Drinking-water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality.
WHO. 2003. Zinc in Drinking-water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality.
WHO. 2005. Nitrate and Nitrite in Drinking-water: Background Document for Development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality.
Thekkudan, V. N., Vaidyanathan, V. K., Ponnusamy, S. K., Charles, C., Sundar, S., Vishnu, D., et al. 2017. Review on Nanoadsorbents: A Solution for Heavy Metal Removal from Wastewater. IET Nanobiotechnology. 11(3): 213-24.
Zhu, R., Chen, Q., Zhou, Q., Xi, Y., Zhu, J., He, H. 2016. Adsorbents based on Montmorillonite for Contaminant Removal from Water: A Review. Appl. Clay. Sci. 123: 239-58.
Mishra, R. K., Sabu, A., Tiwari, S. K. 2018. Materials Chemistry and the Futurist Eco-friendly Applications of Nanocellulose: Status and Prospect. J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 22(8): 949-78.
Koros, W. J. and R. Mahajan, 2000. Pushing the Limits on Possibilities for Large Scale Gas Separation: Which Strategies? Journal of Membrane Science. 175(2): 181-196.
Ajanovic, A. and R. Haas, 2018. Economic Prospects and Policy Framework for Hydrogen as Fuel in the Transport Sector. Energy Policy.123: 280-288.
Acar, C. and I. Dincer. 2018. The Potential Role of Hydrogen as a Sustainable Transportation Fuel to Combat Global Warming. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,
Song, C., et al. 2009. Effect of Carbonization Atmosphere on the Structure Changes of PAN Carbon Membranes. Journal of Porous Materials. 16(2): 197-203.
Hosseini, S. S., et al. 2014. Enhancing the Properties and Gas Separation Performance of PBIâ€“polyimides Blend Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes via Optimization of the Pyrolysis Process. Separation and Purification Technology. 122: 278-289.
Pirouzfar, V., et al. 2014. Investigating the Effect of Dianhydride Type and Pyrolysis Condition on the Gas Separation Performance of Membranes Derived from Blended Polyimides through Statistical Analysis. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 20(3): 1061-1070.
Hosseini, S. S., M. M. Teoh, and T. S. Chung. 2008. Hydrogen Separation and Purification in Membranes of Miscible Polymer Blends with Interpenetration Networks. Polymer. 49(6): 1594-1603.
Sazali, N., et al. 2018. Influence of Intermediate Layers in Tubular Carbon Membrane for Gas Separation Performance. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 44(37): 20914-20923.
Rao, M. B. and S. Sircar. 1993. Nanoporous Carbon Membranes for Separation of Gas Mixtures by Selective Surface Flow. Journal of Membrane Science. 85(3): 253-264.
Steel, K. M. and W. J. Koros. 2003. Investigation of Porosity of Carbon Materials and Related Effects on Gas Separation Properties. Carbon. 41(2): 253-266.
Fu, S., et al. 2016. Effects of Pyrolysis Conditions on Gas Separation Properties of 6FDA/DETDA:DABA(3:2) Derived Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science. 520: 699-711.
Hamm, J. B. S., et al. 2017. Recent Advances in the Development of Supported Carbon Membranes for Gas Separation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42(39): 24830-24845.
Ismail, A. F. and K. Li. 2008. From Polymeric Precursors to Hollow Fiber Carbon and Ceramic Membranes, in Membrane Science and Technology. M. Reyes and M. Miguel, Editors. Elsevier. 81-119.
Acharya, M., et al. 1999. Simulation of Nanoporous Carbons: a Chemically Constrained Structure. Philosophical Magazine B. 79(10): 1499-1518.
Fu, S., et al. 2015. Temperature Dependence of Gas Transport and Sorption in Carbon Molecular Sieve Membranes Derived from Four 6FDA based Polyimides: Entropic Selectivity Evaluation. Carbon. 95: 995-1006.
He, X. and M.-B. HÃ¤gg. 2013. Hollow Fiber Carbon Membranes: From Material to Application. Chemical Engineering Journal. 215-216(Supplement C): 440-448.
Salleh, W. N. W., et al. 2011. Precursor Selection and Process Conditions in the Preparation of Carbon Membrane for Gas Separation: A Review. Separation & Purification Reviews. 40(4): 261-311.
Jones, C. W. and W. J. Koros. 1995. Characterization of Ultramicroporous Carbon Membranes with Humidified Feeds. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 34(1): 158-163.
Sazali, N., W. N. W. Salleh, and A. F. Ismail. 2017. Carbon Tubular Membranes from Nanocrystalline Cellulose Blended with P84 Co-polyimide for H2 and He Separation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42(15): 9952-9957.
Shen, H., et al. 2018. Preparation of Polyamide Thin Film Nanocomposite Membranes Containing Silica Nanoparticles via an In-Situ Polymerization of SiCl4 in Organic Solution. Journal of Membrane Science. 565: 145-156.
Wei, Q., et al. 2008. Highly Hydrothermally Stable Microporous Silica Membranes for Hydrogen Separation. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B. 112(31): 9354-9359.
Nagpal, M. and R. Kakkar. 2018. An Evolving Energy Solution: Intermediate Hydrogen Storage. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 43(27): 12168-12188.
Yoshimune, M. and K. Haraya. 2013. CO2/CH4 Mixed Gas Separation Using Carbon Hollow Fiber Membranes. Energy Procedia. 37(Supplement C): 1109-1116.
Favvas, E. P., et al. 2016. Gas Permeance Properties of Asymmetric Carbon Hollow Fiber Membranes at High Feed Pressures. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. 31: 842-851.
Sazali, N., et al. 2018. Impact of Stabilization Environment and Heating Rates on P84 Co-polyimide/nanocrystaline Cellulose Carbon Membrane for Hydrogen Enrichment. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.
Ismail, N. H., et al. 2018. Development and Characterization of Disk Supported Carbon Membrane Prepared by One-step Coating-Carbonization Cycle. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 57: 313-321.
Sazali, N., et al. 2018. Precursor Selection for Carbon Membrane Fabrication: A Review. Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology. 22(2): 131-144.
Sazali, N., et al. 2019. A Brief Review on Carbon Selective Membranes from Polymer Blends for Gas Separation Performance. Reviews in Chemical Engineering.
Mundstock, A., S. Friebe, and J. Caro. 2017. On Comparing Permeation Through MatrimidÂ®-based Mixed Matrix and Multilayer Sandwich FAU Membranes: H2/CO2 Separation, Support Functionalization and Ion Exchange. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42(1): 279-288.
Yong, W. F., et al. 2013. Highly Permeable Chemically Modified PIM-1/Matrimid Membranes for Green Hydrogen Purification. Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 1(44): 13914-13925.
Ismail, A., N. Ridzuan, and S. Abd Rahman. 2002. Latest Development on the Membrane Formation for Gas Separation. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 24(Suppl.): 1025-1043.
Hu, J., et al. 2010. Mixed-matrix Membrane Hollow Fibers of Cu3(BTC)2 MOF and Polyimide for Gas Separation and Adsorption. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 49(24): 12605-12612.
Lau, C.H., et al. 2014. Ending Aging in Super Glassy Polymer Membranes. Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 53(21): 5322-5326.
How to Cite
Copyright of articles that appear in Journal of Applied Membrane Science & Technology belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions, or any other reproductions of similar nature.