Separation of Acetic Acid and Water Using Reverse Osmosis Membranes

Authors

  • Nora Jullok School of Bioprocess Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Kompleks Pusat Pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia Centre of Excellence for Biomass Utilization, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Kompleks Pusat Pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0735-4402
  • Boo Chie Hang School of Bioprocess Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Kompleks Pusat Pengajian Jejawi 3, 02600, Arau, Perlis, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v24n1.168

Abstract

Reverse osmosis can potentially be used for separation of acetic acid from waste stream. However, the investigation on the separation of this binary mixture utilizing reverse osmosis is scarce. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the feasibility of lab-synthesized and commercially available reverse osmosis membranes to separate low acetic acid concentration from aqueous mixture. A commercially available AG membrane and three laboratory synthesized polysulfone (PSf) membranes were used in this work. Initial test for water permeation using dead end filtration found that 17.5 wt% PSf has the highest water permeability. As the polymer concentration decreases, the membrane porosity increases which decreases the resistance which enables the penetration of the permeant more easily through the membrane matrix resulting in higher water permeation when 17.5wt% PSf was used. Further modification by interfacial polymerization to form a thin polyamide layer on the porous support was seen to have had improved the membrane affinity towards water resulted in increased of permeation through the membrane matrix. However, the rejection was lower than that of the AG membrane. This indicates that, the increase in water permeation when 17.5wt%PSf was used is due to the high membrane porosity. This is evidence since 17.5wt%PSf has the highest water flux but lower acetic acid rejection compared to the commercial AG membrane. Low rejection of acetic acid when reverse osmosis membrane was applied indicates that other factor such as Donnan effect has to be further considered when synthesizing the membrane.

References

V. Ragaini, C. Pirola, A. Elli. 2005. Separation of Some Light Monocarboxylic Acids from Water Inbinary Solutions in a Reverse Osmosis Pilot Plant. Desalination. 171: 21-32.

M. Maldeva. 2007. Acetic Acid.

Z. Shen, J. Zhou, X. Zhou, Y. Zhang. 2011. The Production of Acetic Acid from Microalgae Under Hydrothermal Conditions. Appl. Energy. 88: 3444-3447.

A. Vertova, G. Aricci, S. Rondinini, R. Miglio, L. Carnelli, P. D’Olimpio. 2009. Electrodialytic Recovery of Light Carboxylic Acids from Industrial Aqueous Wastes. J. Appl. Electrochem. 39: 2051-2059.

V. Innocenzi, S. Zueva, M. Prisciandaro, I. De Michelis, A. Di Renzo, G. Mazziotti, F. Vegliò. 2019. Journal of Water Process Engineering Treatment of TMAH Solutions from the Microelectronics Industry : A Combined Process Scheme. J. Water Process Eng. 31: 100780.

C. H. Shin, J. Y. Kim, J. Y. Kim, H. S. Kim, H. S. Lee, D. Mohapatra, J. W. Ahn, J. G. Ahn, W. Bae. 2009. A Solvent Extraction Approach to Recover Acetic Acid from Mixed Waste Acids Produced During Semiconductor Wafer Process. J. Hazard. Mater. 162: 1278-1284.

C. Ni, X. Wu, J. Dan, D. Du. 2014. Facile Recovery of Acetic Acid from Waste Acids of Electronic Industry via a Partial Neutralization Pretreatment (PNP)-Distillation Strategy. Sep. Purif. Technol. 132: 23-26.

Z. Lei, C. Li, Y. Li, B. Chen. 2004. Separation of Acetic Acid and Water by Complex Extractive Distillation. Sep. Purif. Technol. 36: 131-138.

M. R. Usman, S. N. Hussain, H. M. A. Asghar, H. Sattar, A. Ijaz. 2011. Liquid-liquid Extraction of Acetic Acid from an Aqueous Aolution Using a Laboratory Scale Sonicator. Journal of Quality and Technology Management. 7(2): 115-121.

N. Kawabata, T. Yamazaki, S. Yasuda. 1980. Process for Recovering a Carboxylic Acid. 4-9.

K. L. Wasewar. 2005. Separation of Lactic Acid: Recent Advances. Chem. Biochem. Eng. Q. 19: 159-172.

N. IsIklan, O. SanlI. 2005. Separation Characteristics of Acetic Acid-water Mixtures by Pervaporation Using Poly (Vinyl Alcohol) Membranes Modified with Malic Acid. Chem. Eng. Process. 44: 1019-1027.

Y. Zhao, C. Qiu, X. Li, A. Vararattanavech, R. Wang, X. Hu, A. G. Fane, C. Y. Tang. 2012. Synthesis of Robust and High-Performance Aquaporin-based Biomimetic Membranes by Interfacial Polymerization-Membrane Preparation and RO Performance Characterization. Journal of Membrane Science. 424: 422-428.

V. Vatanpour, M. Sheydaei, M. Esmaeili. 2017. Box-Behnken Design as a Systematic Approach to Inspect Correlation between Synthesis Conditions and Desalination Performance of TFC RO Membranes. Desalination. 420: 1-11.

A. Rahimpour, M. Jahanshahi, N. Mortazavian, S.S. Madaeni, Y. Mansourpanah. 2010. Preparation and Characterization of Asymmetric Polyethersulfone and Thin-film Composite Polyamide Nanofiltration Membranes for Water Softening. Appl. Surf. Sci. 256: 1657-1663.

A. Sotto, A. Rashed, R. X. Zhang, A. Martínez, L. Braken, P. Luis, B. Van der Bruggen. 2012. Improved Membrane Structures for Seawater Desalination by Studying the Influence of Sublayers. Desalination. 287: 317-325.

B. Qi, J. Luo, X. Chen, X. Hang, Y. Wan. 2011. Separation of Furfural from Monosaccharides by Nanofiltration. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 7111-7118.

J. Radjenović, M. Petrović, F. Ventura, D. Barceló. 2008. Rejection of Pharmaceuticals in Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membrane Drinking Water Treatment. Water Res. 42: 3601-3610.

A. Teella, G. W. Huber, D. M. Ford. 2011. Separation of Acetic Acid from the Aqueous Fraction of Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oils Using Nanofiltration and Reverse Osmosis Membranes. J. Memb. Sci. 378: 495-502.

G. S. Murthy, S. Sridhar, M. Shyam Sunder, B. Shankaraiah, M. Ramakrishna. 2005. Concentration of Xylose Reaction Liquor by Nanofiltration for the Production of Xylitol Sugar Alcohol. Sep. Purif. Technol. 44: 221-228.

Y. H. Weng, H. J. Wei, T. Y. Tsai, W. H. Chen, T. Y. Wei, W. S. Hwang, C. P. Wang, C. P. Huang. 2009. Separation of Acetic Acid from Xylose by Nanofiltration. Sep. Purif. Technol. 67: 95-102.

B. Van Der Bruggen, J. Schaep, D. Wilms, C. Vandecasteele. 1999. Influence of Molecular Size, Polarity and Charge on the Retention of Organic Molecules by Nanofiltration. J. Memb. Sci. 156: 29-41.

F. Zhou, C. Wang, J. Wei. 2013. Simultaneous Acetic Acid Separation and Monosaccharide Concentration by Reverse Osmosis. Bioresour. Technol. 131: 349-356.

G. Yi, X. Fan, X. Quan, H. Zhang, S. Chen, H. Yu. 2019. A pH-responsive PAA-grafted-CNT Intercalated RGO Membrane with Steady Separation Efficiency for Charged Contaminants Over a Wide pH Range. Sep. Purif. Technol. 215: 422-429.

O. Akin, F. Temelli. 2011. Probing the Hydrophobicity of Commercial Reverse Osmosis Membranes Produced by Interfacial Polymerization Using Contact Angle, XPS, FTIR, FE-SEM and AFM. Desalination. 278: 387-396.

L. Y. Jiang, T. S. Chung, S. Kulprathipanja. 2006. An Investigation to Revitalize the Separation Performance of Hollow Fibers with a Thin Mixed Matrix Composite Skin for Gas Separation, J. Memb. Sci. 276: 113-125.

B. J. Abu Tarboush, D. Rana, T. Matsuura, H. A. Arafat, R. M. Narbaitz. 2008. Preparation of Thin-film-composite Polyamide Membranes for Desalination Using Novel Hydrophilic Surface Modifying Macromolecules. J. Memb. Sci. 325: 166-175.

Downloads

Published

2020-02-26

How to Cite

Jullok, N., & Chie Hang, B. (2020). Separation of Acetic Acid and Water Using Reverse Osmosis Membranes. Journal of Applied Membrane Science &Amp; Technology, 24(1). https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v24n1.168

Issue

Section

Articles