Verification of a Combined Fouling Model to Predict Flux Decline during Ultrafiltration of Organic Solutes

Authors

  • I. N. H. M. Amin Section of Chemical Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Chemical & Bioengineering Technology, Lot 1988 Kaw. Perindustrian Bdr. Vendor, Taboh Naning, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
  • A. W. Mohammad Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v22n2.138

Abstract

Studies were conducted to investigate the blocking mechanism and flux decline behavior while treating organic solutes contained in glycerin-water solutions (triglycerides, TG and fatty acid, FA). Two ultrafiltration membranes were tested, polyethersulphone (PES 25 kDa) and polyvinylidenfluoride (PVDF 30 kDa) membranes. Influence of TG and its combination (TG-FA mixtures) as foulant models, pH of feed solutions (3–10) and membrane surface chemistry were investigated. Combined blocking model was applied and the fitting were discriminate that the flux decline of PES membrane was dominated by pore blockage at the early stage and later by cake resistance during the entire filtration time. However, for PVDF membrane, cake formation mechanism was acknowledged as the major contributor to the fouling mechanism for all the parameters tested. On the other hand, the model predicts there are two stages of filtration appeared to occur, involving pore blockage at the early stage followed by cake formation.

Author Biography

I. N. H. M. Amin, Section of Chemical Engineering Technology, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Chemical & Bioengineering Technology, Lot 1988 Kaw. Perindustrian Bdr. Vendor, Taboh Naning, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia

Section of Process Engineering Technology

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Published

2018-11-21

How to Cite

Amin, I. N. H. M., & Mohammad, A. W. (2018). Verification of a Combined Fouling Model to Predict Flux Decline during Ultrafiltration of Organic Solutes. Journal of Applied Membrane Science &Amp; Technology, 22(2). https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v22n2.138

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