Development of Polysulfone/Activated Carbon Nanofibers Mixed Matrix Membrane for CO2/CH4 Separation

Authors

  • Z. Jamian Gas Malaysia Berhad (Pasir Gudang) 81700 Pasir Gudang, Johor, Malaysia
  • M. H. Tajuddin Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • N. Yusof Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • F. E. Che Othman Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v22n1.114

Abstract

This study was performed primarily to investigate the effect of activated carbon nanofiber (ACNF) on carbon dioxide and methane separation performance of mixed matrix membrane (MMM). In this study, polysulfone (PSf)/ACNF mixed matrix membranes was fabricated using dry/wet inversion technique. The effect of PSf concentration and ACNF loading on the performance of mixed matrix membrane in terms of permeability and selectivity of CO2/CH4 gas separation was observed. The fabricated flat sheet mixed matrix membranes were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis. From the SEM observations, it shows that sponge like structures images were observed upon the addition of ACNFs in the PSf/ACNF membranes was slowly decreased due to increasing weight percentage of ACNF. FT-IR result indicating the presence of carboxyl group in MMM at wavelength 1750 cm-1. Meanwhile, the MMMs were further tested to pure permeation test using pure CO2 and CH4 gas, the CO2 permeance improved and the selectivity of CO2/CH4 increased after the addition of ACNFs.

 

References

S. Anastasiou et al. 2018. Metal-organic Framework/graphene Oxide Composite Fillers in Mixed-matrix Membranes for CO2 Separation. Mater. Chem. Phys. 212: 513-522.

O. Bakhtiari and N. Sadeghi. 2014. Mixed Matrix Membranes Gas Separation Performance Prediction Using an Analytical Model. Chem. Eng. Res. Des. 3: 710-719.

M. Rezakazemi, M. Sadrzadeh, and T. Matsuura. 2018. Thermally Stable Polymers for Advanced High-performance Gas Separation Membranes. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 66. 1-41.

M. Vinoba, M. Bhagiyalakshmi, Y. Alqaheem, A. A. Alomair, A. Pérez, and M. S. Rana. 2017. Recent Progress of Fillers in Mixed Matrix Membranes for CO2 Separation: A Review. Sep. Purif. Technol. 188: 431-450.

D. Tutuk, F. Ahmad, and M. Ahmad. 2010. Application of Activated Carbon Mixed Matrix Membrane for Oxygen Purification. Int. J. 1: 21-24.

F. E. Che Othman et al. 2017. Polyacrylonitrile/magnesium Oxide-based Activated Carbon Nanofibers with Well-developed Microporous Structure and Their Adsorption Performance for Methane. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 51: 281-287.

N. A. H. Md Nordin et al. 2015. Facile Modification of ZIF-8 Mixed Matrix Membrane for CO2 /CH 4 Separation: Synthesis and Preparation. RSC Adv. 5: 43110-43120.

A. D. Kiadehi, A. Rahimpour, M. Jahanshahi, and A. A. Ghoreyshi. 2015. Chemistry Novel Carbon Nano-fibers (CNF)/polysulfone (PSf) Mixed Matrix Membranes For Gas Separation. J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 22: 199-207.

M. S. Boroglu and A. B. Yumru. 2017. Gas Separation Performance of 6FDA-DAM-ZIF-11 Mixed-matrix Membranes for H2/CH4 and CO2/CH4 Separation. Sep. Purif. Technol. 173 . 5130-5132.

A. D. Kiadehi, M. Jahanshahi, A. Rahimpour, and S. A. A. Ghoreyshi. 2015. Process Intensi fication the Effect of Functionalized Carbon Nano-fi ber (CNF) on Gas Separation Performance of Polysulfone (PSf) Membranes. Chem. Eng. Process. Process Intensif. 90: 41-48.

A. Torkkeli. 2003. Droplet Microfluidics on a Planar Surface. VTT Publ. 53: 3-194.

P. Hrabanek, R. Mallada, and V. Fila. 2017. Study of Different Titanosilicate (TS-1 and ETS-10) as Fillers for Mixed Matrix Membranes for CO2/CH4 Gas Separation Applications. J. Memb. Sci. 523: 24-35.

Downloads

Published

2018-06-04

How to Cite

Jamian, Z., Tajuddin, M. H., Yusof, N., & Che Othman, F. E. (2018). Development of Polysulfone/Activated Carbon Nanofibers Mixed Matrix Membrane for CO2/CH4 Separation. Journal of Applied Membrane Science &Amp; Technology, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.11113/amst.v22n1.114

Issue

Section

Articles